The Maldives is an island country and archipelago in the Indian Ocean. It is located southwest of India and Sri Lanka in the Laccadive Sea. The chain of twenty six atolls stretches from Ihavandhippolhu Atoll to the Addu Atoll. The capital and largest city is Malé, traditionally called the “King’s Island”.
Historically linked with the Indian subcontinent, the Maldives is a Muslim-majority country. From the mid-sixteenth century, it was dominated by colonial powers: Portugal, the Netherlands and Britain. The islands gained independence from the British Empire in 1965, becoming a republic in 1968. It is ruled by a president and its government is authoritian. The Maldivian economy is dominated by tourism and fishing. The country is classified as an upper middle income economy by the World Bank.
Encompassing a territory spread over roughly 90,000 square kilometres (35,000 sq mi), the Maldives is one of the world’s most geographically dispersed countries. It is the smallest Asian country in both land area and population. The archipelago is located atop the Chagos-Maldives-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean, which also forms a terrestrial ecoregion, together with the Chagos and the Lakshadweep. With an average ground level elevation of 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level, it is the planet’s lowest country. It is also the country with the lowest natural highest point in the world, at 2.4 metres (7 ft 10 in). The government has pledged to make the Maldives a carbon-neutral country by 2019 amid concerns of rising sea levels.
The Maldives is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and it hosted the 17th SAARC summit in 2011. It is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the Non-Aligned Movement.
Addu City, previously also known as Addu Atoll or Seenu Atoll, is the southernmost atoll of the Maldives. Addu Atoll, together with Fuvahmulah, located 52.3 km north of Addu Atoll, extend the Maldives into the Southern Hemisphere. Addu Atoll is located 541 km south of Malé. Administratively, Addu Atoll is the site of Addu City, one of the two cities of Maldives. Addu City is constituted of the inhabited areas of Addu Atoll, namely the natural islands of Hulhudhoo, Meedhoo, Maradhoo, Feydhoo[disambiguation needed], and Hithadhoo. (The districts of Addu City are not according to the natural islands that it comprises). In addition to the areas that are included as a part of Addu City, Addu Atoll has a number of uninhabited islands, including the island of Gan, where Gan International Airport is located.
- Offical Name: Republic of Maldives
- Guest House Location: Hithadhoo Island, Addu Atoll
- Local Language: Dhivehi, Addu Bas (Dialect)
- Time Difference: +5hrs GMT
- Capital: Tropical
- Electricity: 240 Volts, 50Hz
- Restaurants and Café’s: Daily 8am to 12 pm
- Capital: Malé
- Domestic Flight: 75 minutes flight from Malé International Airport
- Religion: Islam
- Currency: Maldivian Rufiyaa (USD 1 = MVR 15.42)
- Average Temperatures: 30.7° Celsius (Max) & 25.7° Celsius(Min)
- Banking Hours: Sunday to Thursday 8.00am to 1.30pm
There are numerous daily flights between Male’ and Addu by two local airlines–Maldivian and Flyme. Sailing yachts and boats can directly visit Addu since Addu Atoll is among the 3 clearing points in Maldives for international yachts.